The Country: Dubai is a city in the United Arab Emirates, located within the emirate. The emirate of Dubai is located on the southeast coast of the Persian Gulf and is one of the seven emirates that make up the country. It has the largest population in the UAE. Dubai is nowadays often misperceived as a country or city-state and, in some cases, the UAE as a whole has been described as ‘Dubai’. Today, Dubai has emerged as a cosmopolitan metropolis that has grown steadily to become a global city and a business and cultural hub of the Middle East and the Persian Gulf region.
Culture:The UAE culture mainly revolves around the religion of Islam and traditional Arab and Bedouin culture. In contrast, the city of Dubai is a highly cosmopolitan society with a diverse and vibrant culture. The influence of Islamic and Arab culture on its architecture, music, attire, cuisine and lifestyle are very prominent as well. Five times every day, Muslims are called to prayer from the minarets of mosques which are scattered around the country. Since 2006, the weekend has been Friday-Saturday, as a compromise between Friday’s holiness to Muslims and the Western weekend of Saturday-Sunday.
84% of the population of metropolitan Dubai was foreign-born, about half of them from India. The city’s cultural imprint as a small, ethnically homogenous pearling community was changed with the arrival of other ethnic groups and nationals—first by the Iranians in the early 1900s, and later by Indians and Pakistanis in the 1960s.
Currency:The currency of the United Arab Emirates (used in all of the Emirates) is the Dirham (AED = international currency code). The abbreviations AED and Dhs are used interchangeably in shops and currency exchanges. Each Dirham is comprised of 100 Fils (1 AED = 100 Fils), which are the smaller denomination coins. Exchange rate is fixed against the USD at 3.67 Dirham = 1 USD
Arab Emirates Dirham. 1 AED = Approx. 18 INR (Indian National Rupee).